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Special session to address the "implications of the ongoing situation in the Republic of the Sudan"


As a direct result of the (1) military coup d'état that took place in Sudan on the 25th of October 2021, acknowledging that the 5th of November marks the (2) twelfth day of a full internet shut down, with restricted access to vital services and information, and further considering the (3) adamant obstacles placed on the capacity of journalists and human right activists to fully document human rights violations taking place in the country, a special Human Rights Council session was called to address “the implications of the ongoing situation in the Republic of Sudan.”


As the country’s Leader General, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, suspended crucial provisions of the constitutional declaration that set the framework for the transitional period, the special session initiated by a joint request submitted by the UK, the US, Germany and Norway, aims to place emphasis on the need to ensure the full respect for human rights and note the threat the military rule poses to this.



RECOMMENDATION MADE TO THE REPUBLIC OF SUDAN : INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS


The United Nations Watch stressed on the dire situation of Sudan and urged the country to address abuses that include the arrest of the Prime Minister (Abdalla Hamdok), the detention of other ministers in undisclosed locations, the shutting down of the internet and the restriction placed on movement. The United Nations Watch appeals to the state to respect the right to life and peaceful protest, as well as to release those unlawfully arrested.


Amnesty International stated that such a crackdown, as seen in the State, is a betrayal of the hopes of the Sudanese people, further adding that the conditions are perfectly set for an escalation of human rights violations.


International Services for Human Rights condones the excessive use of force against those resisting the military coup, urging Sudan to ensure that perpetrators of such violations are held to account. Moreover, a military and security force reform was stated as necessary, with the safe participation of civil society.


The International Bar Association stressed that Sudan’s transition into a democratic path cannot be meaningfully achieved without accountability. An independent fact finding mission must be established to verify and report on the situation, particurilary recognizing the fragile democratic situation.


The Human Rights Information and Training Center shed light on the adoption of anti - constitutional measures since the army took power, and highlights the possibility that those held in detention are potential victims of torture. Imperative action from the international community is crucial to restore constitutional order.



APPEALS CONCERNING THE MILITARY TAKEOVER IN SUDAN


Norway denounced the military takeover, expressing deep concern with the deterioration of the human rights situation in Sudan. Norway stressed on the importance of the full respect for human rights, condemning the suspension of transitional institutions and "all measures contrary to the 2019 Constitutional Declaration and the 2020 Juba Peace Agreement".


Simon Manley, UK Permanent Representative to the UN in Geneva, highlighted the dire necessity of presenting a resolution that aims to place "international attention to and in scrutiny of the situation in Sudan" since the point of the military takeover. He further placed emphasis on ensuring that the democratic progress resulting from the Sudanese revolution is not lost.


Michelle Bachelet, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to the Human Rights Council, urges Sudanese military leaders and their supporters to yield their control and allow for the State to continue on it’s “path of progress towards institutional and legal reforms.”